Lift Off Test
Assesses for subscapularis tear.
Performing the Test
Arm internally rotated behind back, patient asked to lift forearm off their back
Subscapularis strength is evaluated against the examiner's resistance
Positive: inability to lift off back, weakness
Sensitivity: 62%; specificity: 100%
Baxter S, ed., McScheffrey G, ed. Toronto Notes: Comprehensive Medical Reference & Review for MCCQE 1 & USMLE 2. 26th ed. Toronto: Toronto Notes for Medical Students Inc; 2010.
Essential Evidence Plus. http://www.essentialevidenceplus.com. 2011. Accessed February 2011.
Magee D. Orthopedic Physical Assessment. 1st ed. Philadelphia:Saunders; 1986.